Financial planning is a step-by-step approach to meet one’s life goals. A financial plan acts as a guide as you go through life’s journey. Essentially, it helps you be in control of your income, expenses and investments such that you can manage your money and achieve your goals.
If you take a closer look at the above examples, you’ll find that there is one factor that connects all of them: money. You need to have an adequate amount of money to fulfil your goals and desires. More importantly, you need to have money at the right point in time.
For example, if you want to build up a corpus of Rs. 10 lakh for your daughter’s college education through investments, you need to grow this amount by the time she turns 18. Not a year later. This is where financial planning becomes essential.
There are numerous practical benefits to financial planning. It helps you to:
Remember the time you went to a multiplex with your family. You must have probably heard your grandparents say: ‘Everything was so cheap back then’. It’s true. Twenty years ago, the cost of movie tickets was around Rs. 40, not Rs. 500 as it is today. Similarly, chocolates, coffee, clothes, petrol and other regular goods were much cheaper ‘back then’. This phenomenon of prices rising over the years is known as inflation. It is the steady increase in the price of goods and services over time. And if you are not careful, it can eat into your savings in no time. Here’s a simple example to illustrate its effect.
Imagine a chocolate bar costs Rs. 10 today and you have Rs. 100. With this amount, you can buy 10 chocolate bars. Over the next one year, imagine you keep Rs. 100 in a bank that offers you an annual interest rate of 5%. At the end of the year, you have Rs. 105 with you.
But over one year, let’s assume that the price of the chocolate bar increases to Rs. 11. This means you have to pay Rs. 110 to purchase the same 10 chocolate bars next year. But since you have only Rs. 105, you fall short of Rs. 5. This is how inflation eats into one’s savings. It reduces purchasing power over time, and you have to pay more money to buy the same goods.
You can combat inflation by investing in avenues that offer you better returns over time. But for this, financial planning is critical.
The future is uncertain, and anything can happen at any time. Here’s a scenario that highlights this point.
Imagine a father who has taken an education loan to finance his daughter’s college education. At the same time, he is also saving money to fund his retirement that is a couple of years away. But suddenly, a medical emergency occurs in the family. Unfortunately, the lack of medical insurance coverage means he has to pay for medical expenses out of his savings. This depletes his retirement corpus and increases his financial burden.
Many people face such situations. And while it is good to hope for the best, it is necessary to plan for the worst. A sudden job loss or an unexpected medical emergency can shake up your finances considerably. This is why you need to have an emergency fund to deal with such issues. Financial experts advise investors to keep an amount equal to 6 months’ salary as a contingency fund. This can be invested in a liquid fund so that you can access the money quickly in case of an emergency.
Newer medicines and more significant advances in the medical field mean that people are now living longer retired lives. This is undoubtedly a good thing. You can enjoy more time with your family, explore your passions and dreams and travel around the world. But there’s one crucial question you need to consider: how can I fund all these expenses? You need to have an adequate amount of money to ensure you enjoy your retired life to the fullest. This is possible by having a financial plan that provides regular income post retirement.
Satisfying the needs of your family members can be tricky. Your teenage son may want to go to a space camp during the summer while your oldest child is ready to go to college. In personal finance, planning is vital. It not only helps you understand the needs of different family members but also how you can achieve them. But for this, you need to manage your money in the best possible manner.
For instance, parking your savings in a bank account is better than spending all of it. However, this is not the best way to deploy your money. In comparison, avenues like mutual funds could provide better annual yields. So, when you identify your family’s needs and make your money work actively to achieve them, you may expect to see good results.
The RJV, on strength of its research based customer centric approach and impeccable servicing, is recognized as one of the leading financial advisory service providers in the country.
RJV provides investment advisory services. The company is engaged in advisory and distribution services of mutual funds and is amongst one of the trusted intermediaries in the country. The Company provides customized solutions to the requirements of High Net worth Individuals and Corporate clients. Our strength lies in our ability to advise on investment strategies and structures, develop innovative products and distribute amongst a wide network of investors across the globe. We have constantly endeavoured to develop new instruments, tailor made to the requirements of our clients, enabling them to earn efficient post tax returns in accordance with their specific risk, return and maturity profiles.
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